The majority of us use the HTTP protocol to open the file manager on CPANEL directly to handle files on hosting servers; however, this is not an FTP connection. The FTP protocol is used to upload and download files to file and web servers, respectively. Filezilla is one of the top FTP applications for Windows, macOS, and Linux if you wish to connect to your cloud or hosting server using an FTP connection.
What is an open-source FileZilla?
A popular FTP client that is free and cross-platform for uploading and downloading files from FTP servers is called FileZilla. There are client and server apps in FileZilla. The instructions needed to install the FileZilla client software on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS are provided in this guide. On other Ubuntu and Linux systems, the instructions ought to be the same.
Installing FileZilla on an Ubuntu 20.04 LTS: 5 Easy Steps
Here, we’ll go over how to swiftly install the most recent version of FileZilla on Debian-based Ubuntu 20.04 LTS focal fossa Linux, which includes Linux Mint, Elementary, MX Linux, and others
Step 1: FileZilla prerequisites
Because of its optimization and backward compatibility, FileZilla may be used on a variety of systems, both new and old. However, before installing FileZilla, a few program prerequisites must be satisfied.
- Windows 7, 8, 8.1, and 10; Windows XP, Vista (32-bit)
- Windows 7, 8, 8.1, and 10, (64-bit)
- Mac OS X 10.9 or newer
- Designed for Debian 9.0 (Stretch). If you use a different version of Linux, it is strongly advised that you manually compile FileZilla. Use Wine to install if not. Details follow.
Step 2: Update Your Server
The first step entails updating the necessary packages using the sudo apt-get update & sudo apt-get upgrade commands, as shown below, and synchronizing all installed packages with the most recent versions from the default Ubuntu source.
Step 3: Installing FileZilla FTP Server
An example of a Windows application is FileZilla Server. It does not support Ubuntu or other Linux operating systems. Therefore, before installing and using FileZilla Server in Ubuntu, Wine must be installed.
Linux users may use Wine, a free and straightforward open-source software, to run Windows-based programs on Unix-like operating systems.
Step 4: Install Wine on Ubuntu
Run the command below to activate the 32-bit architecture prior to installing Wine.
Use the following commands to add the Wine package repository and key after installing the aforementioned package.
Run the instructions listed below to add the repository file.
Once the repository has been added successfully, install Wine by using the commands shown below.
Next, we’ll set up Wine’s environment by executing the following commands:
Now that Wine has been installed, you may use it. You may start installing apps made for Windows computers using the Wine environment. FileZilla will now be installed using Wine.
Step 5: Installing FileZilla Server using Wine
We will first download the FileZilla server package from FileZilla’s official website after installing Wine.
Navigate to the downloads folder, which is where we saved the FileZilla server in our case. Next, we’ll use Wine to execute the FileZilla server:
The installation wizard will then start. Although we may change the settings to suit our needs, we will proceed with the default options for the time being.
As shown below, accept the default settings. The admin interface of the FileZilla Server is accessible by default at port 14147.
Click Install button to complete installation
Following installation, the FileZilla server will launch immediately. To begin accepting connections, click Connect next.
Choose Users by choosing Edit on the menu. You may choose a specific folder that prepares to share with individual users from the Users menu.
Then choose Shared folders. For the newly formed user, add a user account and at least one home folder.
Select the directories you want the user to have access to by clicking Add. Selecting the folders and then clicking “Ok” will finish the task.
You may now log in to the account you previously created. However, you will be informed that the server does not support FTP over TLS and that your password will be sent over the internet in clear text.
The steps listed below you can use to enable FTPS:
- Select Edit, followed by Settings, and then FTP over TLS settings.
- Check the box next to “Enable FTP over TLS support (FTPS).”
- To save the certificate and key, click Browse and then select the desired place.
- Choose the option for Generate Certificate.
- And last, click OK.
To encrypt your communications, FileZilla should now have a certificate.
You will require to access the server certificate the following time you connect to the server.
Navigate to the FileZilla server icon on your desktop, right-click it, and choose to Allow Launching to start the server from there. This makes it possible to start FileZilla from the desktop.
And that’s it.
Congratulations! The Filezilla FTP Server installation is now complete. We appreciate your interest in learning how to set up Filezilla FTP Server on Ubuntu 20.04. FileZilla provides customers with a seamless experience by combining an intuitive user interface with cross-platform compatibility to meet the growing need for secure file transfers. We can now start securely uploading files through the FTP server because FileZilla has been deployed successfully.
I hope this post has made it easier for you to understand the basics of setting up an FTP server. For further help or useful information, we advise you to visit the official Filezilla website.