Kisan Baburao Hazare’s birthday today was born on 15 June 1937, popularly known as Anna Hazare, is an Indian social activist who led movements to promote rural development, increase government transparency, and investigate and punish corruption in public life.
In addition to organising and encouraging grassroots movements, he frequently conducted hunger strikes to further his causes—a tactic reminiscent, to many, of the work of Mohandas K. Gandhi.
Hazare whose bitrthday today also contributed to the development and structuring of Ralegan Siddhi, a village in Parner taluka of Ahmednagar district, Maharashtra, India.
He was awarded the Padma Bhushan—the third-highest civilian award—by the Government of India in 1992 for his efforts in establishing this village as a model for others.
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About Anna Hazare whose birthday today:
He started a hunger strike on 5 April 2011 to exert pressure on the Indian government to enact a stringent anti-corruption law,
The Lokpal Bill, 2011 as envisaged in the Jan Lokpal Bill, for the institution of an ombudsman with the power to deal with corruption in public places. The fast led to nationwide protests in support.
The fast ended on 9 April 2011, a day after the government accepted Hazare’s demands.
The government issued a gazette notification on the formation of a joint committee, consisting of government and civil society representatives, to draft the legislation.
Foreign Policy named him among top 100 global thinkers in 2011.
Also in 2011, Hazare was ranked as the most influential person in Mumbai by a national daily newspaper.
He has faced criticism for his authoritarian views on justice, including death as punishment for corrupt public officials and his alleged support for forced vasectomies as a method of family planning.
Anna’s Early Life:
He was the eldest son of Baburao Hazare and Laxmi Bai. He has two sisters and four brothers. He later adopted the name Anna, which in Marathi means “elder person” or “father”.
His father worked as an unskilled labourer in Ayurveda Ashram Pharmacy and struggled to support the family financially.
In time, the family moved to their ancestral village of Ralegan Siddhi, where they owned a small amount of agricultural land.
A relative took on the burden of providing Kisan with an education, taking him to Mumbai because the village had no primary school.
The relative became unable financially to continue the support and Kisan’s schooling ended in the Standard Seventh grade; his siblings never attended school.
He started selling flowers at the Dadar railway station in Mumbai and eventually managed to own two flower shops in the city.
Anna also became involved in vigilantism, joining groups who acted to prevent landlords’ thugs from intimidating the poor out of their shelter.
Awards and Achievements:
2013 Allard Prize for International Integrity University of British Columbia Faculty of Law
2011 NDTV Indian of the Year with Arvind Kejriwal NDTV
2008 Jit Gill Memorial Award World Bank
2005 Honorary Doctorate Gandhigram Rural University
2003 Integrity Award Transparency International
1999 Leading Social Contributor Award Government of India
1998 CARE International Award CARE (relief agency)
1997 Mahaveer Award
1992 Padma Bhushan President of India
1990 Padma Shri President of India
1989 Krushi Bhushana Award Government of Maharashtra
1986 Indira Priyadarshini Vrikshamitra Awards Government of India
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