George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an is an American politician and businessman. Bush served as 43rd president of the United States from 2001 to 2009.
Also he previously served as the 46th governor of Texas from 1995 to 2000. He is an experienced as well as experimental Politician.
In fact, born into the Bush family, his father, George H. W. Bush, served as the 41st president of the United States from 1989 to 1993.
Early life and career
George Walker Bush was born at Yale–New Haven Hospital in New Haven, Connecticut, while his father was a student at Yale.
He was the first child of George Herbert Walker Bush and Barbara Pierce. He was raised in Midland and Houston, Texas, with four siblings, Jeb, Neil, Marvin and Dorothy. In fact, his grandfather, Prescott Bush, was a U.S. Senator from Connecticut.
Also his father was Ronald Reagan’s vice president from 1981 to 1989 and the 41st U.S. president from 1989 to 1993. Bush has English and some German ancestry, along with more distant Dutch, Welsh, Irish, French, and Scottish roots.
Bush attended public schools in Midland, Texas until the family moved to Houston after he had completed seventh grade. He then spent two years at The Kinkaid School, a prep school in Piney Point Village, Texas in the Houston area.
He attended Yale University from 1964 to 1968, graduating with a Bachelor of Arts degree in history. His GPA during his first three years at Yale was 77, and he had a similar average under a nonnumeric rating system in his final year.
After his application to the University of Texas School of Law was rejected, Bush entered Harvard Business School in the fall of 1973. He graduated in 1975 with an MBA degree. He is the only U.S. president to have earned an MBA.
Bush engaged to Cathryn Lee Wolfman in 1967, but the engagement did not last. Bush and Wolfman remained on good terms after the end of the relationship.
At a backyard barbecue in 1977, friends introduced him to Laura Welch, a schoolteacher and librarian. After a three-month courtship, she accepted his marriage proposal and they wed on November 5 of that year.
On November 25, 1981, Laura Bush gave birth to fraternal twin daughters, Barbara and Jenna.
Bush has been an avid reader throughout his adult life, preferring biographies and histories. He read 14 Lincoln biographies, and during the last three years of his presidency, read 186 books.
During his presidency, Bush read the Bible daily, though at the end of his second term he said on television that he is “not a literalist” about Bible interpretation.
Other activities include cigar smoking and golf. After leaving the White House, Bush took up oil painting.
Governor of Texas (1995–2000)
Bush declared his candidacy for the 1994 Texas gubernatorial election at the same time his brother Jeb sought the governorship of Florida. His campaign focused on four themes: welfare reform, tort reform, crime reduction, and education improvement.
In the course of the campaign, Bush pledged to sign a bill allowing Texans to obtain permits to carry concealed weapons. Richards had vetoed the bill, but Bush signed it into law after he became governor.
Critics contended that during his tenure, Texas ranked near the bottom in environmental evaluations. Supporters pointed to his efforts to raise the salaries of teachers and improve educational test scores.
In 1999, Bush signed a law that required electric retailers to buy a certain amount of energy from renewable sources (RPS) which helped Texas eventually become the leading producer of wind powered electricity in the U.S.
In 1998, Bush won re-election with a record 69 percent of the vote. He became the first governor in Texas history to be elected to two consecutive four-year terms.
He proclaimed June 10, 2000, as Jesus Day in Texas, a day on which he urged all Texans to “answer the call to serve those in need”.
Throughout Bush’s first term, he was the focus of national attention as a potential future presidential candidate. Following his re-election, speculation soared, and within a year he decided to seek the 2000 Republican presidential nomination.
Incumbent Democratic president Bill Clinton was in his second and final term, and the field for nomination in both parties was wide open.
Bush was the Governor of Texas in June 1999 when he announced his candidacy for president, joining John McCain, Alan Keyes, Steve Forbes, Gary Bauer, Orrin Hatch, Elizabeth Dole, Dan Quayle, Pat Buchanan, Lamar Alexander, John Kasich, and Bob Smith.
Bush portrayed himself as a compassionate conservative, implying he was more centrist than other Republicans.
On July 25, 2000, Bush surprised some observers when he selected Dick Cheney—a former White House Chief of Staff, U.S. Representative, and Secretary of Defense—to be his running mate.
At the time, Cheney was serving as head of Bush’s vice presidential search committee. Soon after at the 2000 Republican National Convention, Bush and Cheney were officially nominated by the Republican Party.
When the election returns tallied on November 7, Bush had won 29 states, including Florida. The closeness of the Florida outcome led to a recount. The initial recount also went to Bush, but the outcome was tied up in lower courts for a month until eventually reaching the U.S. Supreme Court.
The machine recount showed that Bush had won the Florida vote by a margin of 537 votes out of six million casts. Although he had received 543,895 fewer individual nationwide votes than Gore, Bush won the election, receiving 271 electoral votes.
Bush was the first person to win an American presidential election with fewer popular votes than another candidate since Benjamin Harrison in 1888.
2004 presidential candidacy
In his 2004 bid for re-election, Bush commanded broad support in the Republican Party and did not encounter a primary challenge. He appointed Ken Mehlman as campaign manager, and Karl Rove devised a political strategy.
Bush and the Republican platform emphasized a strong commitment to the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.
Also support for the USA PATRIOT Act, a renewed shift in policy for constitutional amendments banning abortion and same-sex marriage.
Reforming Social Security to create private investment accounts, creation of an ownership society, and opposing mandatory carbon emissions controls.
Following the resignation of CIA director George Tenet in 2004, Bush nominated Porter Goss to head the agency. The White House ordered Goss to purge agency officers who were disloyal to the administration.
After Goss’ appointment, many of the CIA’s senior agents fired or quit. The CIA has been accused of deliberately leaking classified information to undermine the 2004 election.
In the election, Bush carried 31 of 50 states, receiving a total of 286 electoral votes. He won an absolute majority of the popular vote.
Acknowledgments and dedications
On May 7, 2005, during an official state visit to Latvia, he got award for “The Order of the Three Stars”. President Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga gave him the award.
In 2005, the Tbilisi City Council voted to rename a street in honor of the U.S. president. Previously known as Melaani Drive, the street links the Georgian capital’s airport with the city center and was used by Bush’s motorcade during his visit four months earlier.
In Jerusalem, a small plaza with a monument bearing his name dedicated to Bush.
In 2012, Estonian President Toomas Hendrik Ilves awarded Bush the Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana for his work in expanding NATO.
Two elementary schools named after him: George W. Bush Elementary School of the Stockton Unified School District in Stockton, California.
And George W. Bush Elementary School of the Wylie Independent School District in St. Paul, Texas, in the Dallas-Fort Worth area.
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