National Mathematics Day is a day to celebrate the important role that mathematics plays in our lives and to recognize the contributions of mathematicians. It is observed on December 22nd in India in honour of the birth anniversary of Srinivasa Ramanujan, a renowned mathematician who made significant contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, and continued fractions. In the United States, National Mathematics Day is not formally recognized, but many schools and organizations hold events and activities to celebrate mathematics and raise awareness of its importance in a variety of fields. Some examples of activities that may be held on National Mathematics Day include math competitions, lectures and workshops, and math-themed games and puzzle

## Why do we celebrate National mathematics day?

There are several reasons why we celebrate National Mathematics Day. One reason is to recognize the important role that mathematics plays in our lives and in many different fields. Mathematics is a fundamental part of science, technology, engineering, and other areas of study, and it is used to solve complex problems and make important decisions. By celebrating National Mathematics Day, we can raise awareness of the importance of mathematics and encourage more people to study and appreciate it.

Another reason to celebrate National Mathematics Day is to recognize the contributions of mathematicians and their impact on the world. Many mathematicians have made significant contributions to our understanding of the world and have helped to shape the way we think about and approach problems. By honouring these contributions, we can show appreciation for the work of mathematicians and the role they play in advancing knowledge and solving problems.

In addition, celebrating National Mathematics Day can be a fun and educational way to engage with math and learn more about its applications and importance. By participating in math-themed activities and events, people of all ages can learn more about mathematics and discover new ways to enjoy and appreciate it.

## History of mathematics

Mathematics has a long and rich history that dates back to ancient civilizations. Many early societies, such as the Egyptians, Greeks, and Indians, developed sophisticated systems of mathematics for use in practical tasks such as measuring land, constructing buildings, and keeping track of time. These early systems of mathematics laid the foundations for the development of more advanced mathematical concepts and ideas.

Over time, mathematics has evolved and grown in complexity, with new mathematical concepts and methods being developed and refined by mathematicians around the world. Some of the most significant developments in mathematics include the creation of the number system we use today, the development of geometry and trigonometry, and the invention of calculus, which revolutionized the study of mathematics and has had a profound impact on many areas of science and technology.

Throughout its history, mathematics has played a critical role in the advancement of human knowledge and understanding of the world. It continues to be an important and influential field of study, with new mathematical concepts and techniques being developed and applied in a wide range of areas, from science and engineering to economics and finance

## Best concepts in mathematics

There are many important and influential concepts in mathematics, and it can be difficult to identify the “best” ones. However, some concepts that are widely considered to be fundamental and important in mathematics include:

**Number systems:**These include natural numbers, integers, rational numbers, and real numbers, which form the basis for much of mathematical thinking and computation.**Algebra:**This branch of mathematics deals with the manipulation of equations and variables, and it is used to solve a wide range of mathematical and real-world problems.**Geometry:**This branch of mathematics deals with the properties and relationships of geometric shapes and figures, and it is used in a variety of fields, including architecture, engineering, and physics.**Calculus:**This branch of mathematics deals with the study of change and motion, and it is used to model and analyze a wide range of phenomena in the natural and physical world.**Combinatorics:**This branch of mathematics deals with the study of combinations and arrangements of objects, and it is used to solve problems in areas such as computer science and statistical analysis.**Probability:**This branch of mathematics deals with the study of random events and their outcomes, and it is used to model and analyze uncertain situations in many different fields.

These are just a few examples of important concepts in mathematics, and there are many others that are also important and influential. Ultimately, the importance of a mathematical concept depends on its relevance and application to a particular field or problem.

## List of great persons in the mathematics field

There have been many great mathematicians throughout history who have made significant contributions to the field of mathematics. Some notable examples include:**Euclid:**A Greek mathematician who is known for his work in geometry and his treatise “Elements,” which is considered one of the most important works in mathematics.**Archimedes:**A Greek mathematician, physicist, and engineer who made important contributions to geometry, calculus, and the study of mechanical systems.**Isaac Newton:**An English mathematician, physicist, and scientist who is known for his work in calculus and his laws of motion, which laid the foundations for classical mechanics.**Leonhard Euler:**A Swiss mathematician who made significant contributions to a wide range of mathematical subjects, including calculus, trigonometry, and number theory.**Carl Friedrich Gauss:**A German mathematician who is known for his work in algebra and number theory, and is often referred to as the “prince of mathematics.”**Pierre-Simon Laplace:**A French mathematician and scientist who made important contributions to calculus and the study of probability and statistics.**Srinivasa Ramanujan:**An Indian mathematician who made significant contributions to mathematical analysis and number theory.

These are just a few examples of great mathematicians who have made significant contributions to the field of mathematics. There are many others who have also made important contributions, and their work continues to influence and inspire mathematicians around the world.

## The hardest concept of mathematics

There are many difficult concepts in mathematics, and what may be challenging for one person may be easier for another. Some concepts that are often considered to be particularly challenging in mathematics include:

**Calculus:**This branch of mathematics deals with the study of change and motion, and it involves the use of complex mathematical concepts and techniques, such as limits, derivatives, and integrals.**Abstract algebra:**This branch of mathematics deals with the study of algebraic structures, such as groups, rings, and fields, and it involves the use of abstract concepts and methods.**Real analysis:**This branch of mathematics deals with the study of the real numbers and functions of a real variable, and it involves the use of rigorous mathematical proof techniques.**Geometry:**While geometry is often taught at a relatively early stage in a student’s mathematical education, some of the more advanced concepts in geometry, such as non-Euclidean geometry and topology, can be challenging for some students.**Number theory:**This branch of mathematics deals with the study of integers and their properties, and it involves the use of complex mathematical proof techniques and abstract concepts.

Ultimately, the difficulty of a mathematical concept depends on the individual’s background and level of understanding. Some people may find certain concepts more challenging due to their lack of familiarity with the underlying concepts and techniques, while others may find the same concepts to be relatively straightforward.

## Life without mathematics

Mathematics plays a vital role in many aspects of our lives, and it is difficult to imagine a world without it. Some of the ways in which mathematics is important and how our lives would be different without it include:

**Science and technology:**Mathematics is an essential tool for understanding and explaining the natural world, and it is used in a wide range of fields, including physics, chemistry, biology, and engineering. Without mathematics, many of the technological advances and scientific discoveries that we rely on today would not be possible.**Finance and business:**Mathematics is used to make financial calculations, such as determining profit and loss, and to analyze data and make informed business decisions. Without mathematics, it would be much more difficult to manage financial transactions and make informed business decisions.**Navigation and transportation:**Mathematics is used to measure distance, calculate speed, and navigate from one place to another. Without mathematics, it would be much more difficult to travel and navigate effectively.**Medicine and healthcare:**Mathematics is used to analyze medical data and make informed decisions about patient care. Without mathematics, it would be much more difficult to diagnose and treat diseases and conditions effectively.**Education and communication:**Mathematics is used to communicate and convey information, and it is a fundamental part of the education system. Without mathematics, it would be much more difficult to learn and communicate effectively.

Overall, mathematics plays a crucial role in many aspects of our lives, and it is an essential tool for understanding and explaining the world around us.

Some Tweets:

I owe everything to Goddess Namagiri Thayar of Namakkal who leaves these formulae on my tongue in my dreams. An equation for me has no meaning unless it expresses a thought of God. – Srinivasa Ramanujan.#NationalMathematicsDay pic.twitter.com/tN42dCK4HL

— Anand Ranganathan (@ARanganathan72) December 22, 2022