“Overcoming poverty is not a gesture of charity. It is an act of justice. This is the protection of a fundamental human right, the right to dignity and a decent life.” — Nelson Mandela
It is the deprivation of basic necessities in one’s life or a state of inability to meet one’s basic needs, including food, shelter and clothing.
Facts & Figures:
- Globally, approximately 350 million children live in extreme poverty.
- More than 15,000 children die every day before celebrating their 5th birthday, mostly from preventable causes.
- Each year, about 100 million are forced into poverty due to health-related expenditures.
- About 800 million people still live in extremes and suffer from hunger.
- High poverty rates are often found in conflict-affected countries.
- Women and children are disproportionately affected.
According to Global Finance, Top 10 Poorest Countries in 2019 were:
- The Central African Republic
- The Democratic Republic of the Congo
- South Sudan
Eradicating poverty remains one of the greatest challenges as this menace acts as a hurdle in the progress of any nation. While the number of people living in extreme poverty has dropped significantly – too many nations are still struggling to meet the most basic human needs.
Globally, many people lack access to nutritious food, clean drinking water, and sanitation. Rapid economic growth in some countries such as China and India has lifted millions out of it, but progress has been uneven. For instance, India, between 2006 and 2016, lifted over 270 million people out of poverty, according to the 2019 global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) from the UN Development Programme (UNDP), the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative. Similarly, Ethiopia and Peru significantly reduced deprivations in all 10 indicators:
- Child mortality
- Drinking water
- Years of schooling
- School attendance
- Cooking fuel
The process of fighting from it is not simple, rather It takes time to empower affected people so they can become actors of their own progress.
Alleviating poverty is an act of justice, not a task of charity. Around half of the world’s population lives in impoverished conditions, and lack of food and clean water is claiming the lives of millions every year. It is the need of the hour to feed the hungry and give everyone in the world a chance to prosper and live a happy life.