“We are the first generation to feel the sting of climate change, and we are the last generation that can do something about it.” – Jay Inslee
A long-term shift in the usual climate of the planet with regard to temperature, wind, and precipitation, owing to anthropogenic or human activities is known as Climate Change. As a result, the future of our planet is under serious threat, endangering the human, plants, and animals’ lives.
Facts & Figures:
• According to the World Bank, climate change will cost nearly 3% off India’s Gross Domestic Product.
• Global emissions of CO2 have risen by almost 50% since 1990.
• By 2050, it would depress the living standards of nearly half its population.
• As per the data from the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, it is estimated that India has suffered around $80 billion in economic losses in the past two decades owing to climate-change disasters.
• In 2018, the IPCC in its report gave an explicit warning that the world has just 12 years to limit global warming to 1.5°C in order to prevent any catastrophic impacts.
• Notably, the last decade experienced extreme weather events at a greater frequency and intensity.
• In India, average temperatures have increased by 0.6°C between 1901-10 and 2009-18, according to IMD data.
• The irreversible changes in our eco-systems will definitely increase the extreme weather events in the future at an unprecedented rate.
SDG-13: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
Undoubtedly, climate change is having profound ramifications on Earth’s biodiversity and human life. Sea levels are rising and oceans are warming.
Without action, the changing climate will seriously compromise food availability especially in developing and underdeveloped nations by reducing the productivity of crops.
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Paris Agreement: A Global Framework to Avoid Climate Change
• It is a landmark accord adopted by almost every nation in an effort to combat climate change.
• It aims to reduce GHG emissions substantially.
• Under this agreement, each country will put in efforts to reduce emissions through NDCs. NDCs stand for Nationally Determined Contributions.
Pursuing the approach of sustainable development in a coherent way offers a resilient way to enable nations to achieve their objectives quickly under the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Simply put, urgent action to halt climate change is integral to achieving all Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
“You cannot get through a single day without having an impact on the world around you. What you do makes a difference, and you have to decide what kind of difference you want to make.” – Jane Goodall