Sustainable farming is a term used to refer to several efficient agricultural practices that can be used to produce safe and high-quality products which will positively impact:
• Farmers (Rural agricultural)
• Local communities
Sustainable agriculture is a specific method of farming, which traces its roots to a set of values reflecting both social and ecological realities. It involves management procedures that work with natural processes to minimize environmental damage while improving farm profitability. Additionally, such practices aim to produce food that is nutritious, thereby improving human health.
Sustainable agriculture must involve measures for:
• Soil conservation
• Water conservation (which includes rainwater harvesting, construction of check dams, farm ponds)
• Irrigation & Irrigation-efficient technology (Drip and sprinkler systems)
• Mitigation of the detrimental effects of climatic variations
• Large-scale afforestation
• Community-based forest management practices
Initiatives by the Indian Government to promote Sustainable Agriculture:
Several initiatives have been taken in India to improve the resilience of the primary sector to climatic changes and to make it more adaptive.
Here are the major initiatives:
• Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY)
• Bringing Green Revolution to Eastern India (BGREI)
• National Food Security Mission (NFSM)
• National Action Plan for Climatic Change
• National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture
• Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana
• Rainfed Area Development
• Soil Health Card (SHC)
• Mission Organic for Value Chain Development for North East
• National Bamboo Mission (NBM)
• Sub-Mission on Agroforestry
Learn from Israel’s agricultural innovations:
Undoubtedly, the desert nation Israel has revolutionized the farmer’s lives and the agriculture sector with the adoption of cutting-edge technologies. From precision farming techniques to drip irrigation, Israel is a pioneer.
Need of the hour:
In agriculture, sustainable farming is becoming the need of the hour worldwide as we are still struggling with food security. According to data from the FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization), approximately 200 million of the Indian population remains hungry on a daily basis.
As a matter of fact, the people of India suffer enormously from hunger and food insecurity. India’s weak agricultural and food storage and distribution systems often lead Indian farmers into hunger, and poverty.
However, peasants in India have started a movement towards a more efficient, sustainable, and eco-friendly farming techniques that fight against poverty and hunger, leading to lower input costs, to earn higher profits. In short, sustainable farming practices, if adopted properly, have the potential to alleviate poverty, fight hunger, and transform lives.