### why ^ vs or in python

In Python, the “^” operator is the bitwise XOR operator, while the “or” operator is a boolean operator.

The bitwise XOR operator (“^”) performs a bitwise XOR operation on two integers. It compares each bit of the first integer to the corresponding bit of the second integer, and if the bits are different, it sets the corresponding result bit to 1. Otherwise, it sets the result bit to 0.

Here’s an example of how the bitwise XOR operator works:

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# Calculate the bitwise XOR of 4 and 5
result = 4 ^ 5
print(result) # Output: 1

The boolean “or” operator is used to test whether at least one of two boolean expressions is true. If either expression is true, the “or” operator returns True. Otherwise, it returns False.

Here’s an example of how the “or” operator works:

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# Test whether at least one of two boolean expressions is true
result = (4 < 5) or (5 < 4)
print(result) # Output: True

I hope this helps! Let me know if you have any questions.

### Where to add ~ in python negate

In Python, you can use the “~” operator to negate an integer. The “~” operator is a bitwise NOT operator, and it inverts the bits of an integer.

For example:

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# Negate the integer 4
result = ~4
print(result) # Output: -5

To use the “~” operator, you should place it before the integer that you want to negate.

Note that the “~” operator only works on integers. If you want to negate a boolean value, you should use the “not” operator.

For example:

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# Negate the boolean value True
result = not True
print(result) # Output: False

I hope this helps! Let me know if you have any questions.